Year 13 Unit 3

Year 13 Unit 3

Exam Board - Edexcel

Unit 3 – France in revolution

Geography, economy and government of France in c1786. King, Queen and Court: Versailles. France: social structure and tensions. The historical debate through the sources:

  • A consequence of Louis’ personal failings and mistakes?
  • A consequence of too much reform too quickly?
  • The result of war and/or a deepening economic crisis?
  • The consequence of the machinations of a radical minority and/or the divisions amongst conservative forces?
  • The September Massacres and the Convention, 1792. Invasion and rebellion-the revolution threatened, 1793. Organising Terror – the Committees, the Revolutionary Tribunal etc. The Triumph of the Republic and the cost. The Revolution ‘consumes its own’ March-July, 1794.
  • The Thermidorian Reaction July 1794-Oct 1795. Military successes and its importance for the regime. The Coup of Brumaire.
  • The establishment of the Empire.

The historical debate through the sources:

  • The crucial role of Britain and sea-power and/or the devastating defeat in Russia?
  • Diplomatic and military mistakes by a physically and mentally declining dictator?
  • A real upsurge of popular resentment against French tyranny?
  • The over-stretching of the resources of France?
  • The two Restorations of the Bourbon monarchy. The Charter. The personality of Louis and the work of his leading ministers. Peace. The assassination of the Duc de Berry. The Personality and beliefs of the new King. The revolution of 1830.

French revolutionary clubs