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Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 1- The Human Body

Week

Task

1

Create a leaflet about the history and development of microscopes. Include information on:

·        The first microscope built by Zaccharias Janssen and his father Hans.

·        Modern light microscopes.

·        Electron microscopes.  

2

Create an interactive revision poster about a plant and animal cell. You need to learn the different parts of the cell and their function. You also need to know the difference between plant and animal cells.

3

Using the template of the skeleton given to you by your teacher:

1.   Cut out the pieces and fit it together correctly.

2.   Label as many bones as you can on the skeleton. You can mention smaller bones that may not be on the diagram.

4

Investigate the effect of exercise on your heart rate.

Measure your heart rate by taking your pulse from your wrist or neck and counting how many beats per minute. Remember do not use your thumb! Then complete 1 min of exercise it could be star jumps for example or other exercise of your choice. Then quickly measure your heart rate again, and calculate the difference. Repeat this test 3 times.

You need to hand in a prediction, method, results table, graph of your results and a conclusion.

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Animal and plant cells, specialised cells, organs and organ system, the skeletal system, the respiratory system, gaseous exchange, aerobic and anaerobic respiration, circulatory system, the blood and blood vessels.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 2- Is electricity our best discovery?

Week

Task

1

Develop a description of an electrical gadget that you think the ‘market’ needs. You should write a specification for what the product will do and who you think will want or need it. Remember that your “new” gadget could be developed from one that currently exists!

You should create an advertising poster for your electrical gadget which can go alongside your design. Remember that you need to convince people that they need this gadget in their lives!

2

Create a leaflet that pupils can take home to encourage their families to become more energy efficient.

3

Create a display on Static Electricity. You should include information such as:

·        What static electricity is

·        What causes static electricity

·        Natural incidences of static electricity

·        What is a Vann-de-Graff generator and what is it used for

You should make it as colourful as possible including diagrams and pictures where appropriate.

4

Make a leaflet which could be included in the packaging of any electrical device which informs the buyer how to correctly wire a plug. You could use hand drawings, internet pictures or take pictures of you doing it step by step and stick on.

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Electrical safety, series and parallel circuits, current, voltage, resistance, insulators and conductors, static electricity, magnets, magnetic fields, and electromagnets.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week, and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 3- Do we really need zoos?

Week

Task

1

Create an information poster about the differences between a vertebrate and an invertebrate.

You should include the key information:

•      Classification categories of both vertebrates and invertebrates

•      Features of each

•      Examples of each

2

Make a food chain or food web which could be hung from the ceiling in the classrooms. It should be double sided and contain at least 5 different parts

3

Find out about an animal which is endangered. Make an information leaflet which can be used by charities to inform people about the animal. You should include the following information:

•      Profile of the animal including a picture

•      Habitat

•      Feeding Habits

•      Why it is endangered

•      What can stop it from becoming extinct

4

Write a profile about Charles Darwin. You should include:

•      Brief history of his life

•      Main events including dates

•      Significant discoveries

•      Significant work contributions to the scientific world

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Vertebrates and Invertebrates, classification keys, habitats, adaptation, food chains, pyramids of number and biomass, changes and poisons in the food chain, Darwin and natural selection, selective breeding, continuous and discontinuous variation.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week, and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 4- Third rock from the sun

Week

Task

1

Create an A4 poster to represent what you might find in air. Include:

•      At least 5 substances that you might find in air.

•      The uses for each of them.

•      A graph to represent how much of each substance is found in the air.

•      How might city air differ from country air, what effect does pollution have on the air?

2

Create a pop-up book about the solar system. Your target audience are primary school students, and it should be engaging whilst containing information about each planet.

3

Create a leaflet/ booklet/poster about Tim Peake and his mission last year.

Include information on:

•      The training he had to undergo

•      How long his mission was

•      What experiments/investigations he did whilst in space

•      The challenges he faced living in space

4

Write a newspaper article about the Big Bang theory.

You should include:

•      What the big bang theory is.

•      The evidence for the big bang.

•      Alternative theories to the big bang.

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Structure of the Earth, The rock cycle, the atmosphere and carbon cycle, the solar system, day and night, the seasons, gravity, light years, life cycle of a star, the big bang theory.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week, and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 5- Can we make gold?

Week

Task

1

Create a poster about the different states of matter. Include:

·        The properties of different states of matter

·        The particle arrangement of different states of matter

·        Changes of states

2

Write a newspaper article about the developments of the periodic table. Remember some developments have been very recent as only last year new elements were added to the periodic table!

3

Create a collage to show the different elements that you can find in your home or garden.

Some of the elements might be found as compounds, for example sodium and chlorine are found as salt or sodium chloride.

You might be able to find examples of metals such as silver, gold or copper.

You might be able to find examples of non-metals such as carbon (coal) or silicon (baking equipment.)

4

Create a revision game about atoms, elements, compounds and mixtures. It could be inspired by guess who, who wants to be a millionaire, snakes and ladders, or battle ships, or any other game you can think of.

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: States of matter, changes of state, properties of materials, atoms, elements, mixtures and compounds, atomic structure, the periodic table, metals and non-metals, reactions (metals and acids, metals and oxygen), word and symbol equations for chemical reactions.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week, and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 7 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 6- Can you see and hear me now?

Week

Task

1

Create an article about the archer fish and how it takes into account refraction when hunting for his prey.

Include in your article why refraction happens between water and air.

The following BBC Nature clip will help you with your article:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8oV4RBYR9U

2

Build a pinhole camera.

There are many ways to build a pinhole camera depending what materials you have and how sophisticated you want it to be.

Here are some suggested links below but feel free to build another design if you wish.

https://www.exploratorium.edu/science_explorer/pringles_pinhole.html

http://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/make-pinhole-projector.html

https://www.highlightskids.com/science-experiment/make-pinhole-camera

3

Dave is training to be a sound engineer for the x factor team.

However he doesn’t know what the sound waves mean on his monitor in the studio. He needs your help!

Draw a perfect wave for the following sounds:

•      High and quiet

•      High and loud

•      Low and quiet

•      Low and loud

 Explain to Dave how you can identify different sounds from the sound wave.

4

Produce a leaflet encouraging people to protect their ears.

Include:

•      Ways to protect your ears e.g. not listening to loud music.

•      Why it is important to protect your ears.

•      What are the consequences of not protecting your ears? 

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Light, Reflection, Refraction, the eye, the camera, colour, sound, the sound waves, the ear, speed of sound, echoes and ultrasound, comparing light and sound.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week, and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

 

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 1- Joule Island

Week

Task

1

Create a song, poem or rap to help you remember the different forms of energy. You can present it as a poster, recording or video.

2

Create a poster summarising the 3 different types of energy transfer; conduction, convection and radiation. Include:

·        A particle diagram

·        An explanation as to how the energy is transferred

·        Examples in real life

3

Imagine a nuclear power station is going to be built in Tenterden. Write a newspaper article arguing the case for or against the nuclear power station being built.

4

 Create a leaflet about the different renewable resources. Include information on:

·        Wind Power

·        Wave and tidal power

·        Hydroelectric power

·        Solar power

·        Geothermal energy

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Food and fuels, energy conservation, energy and temperature, conduction, convection, radiation, energy resources, coal and nuclear power stations, renewable resources, energy and power, fuel bills, work, energy and machines.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 2- Do storks deliver babies?

Week

Task

1

As a recap from the topic “The human body” create a booklet about the different organ systems. It could be shaped as the human body with a page dedicated to each organ system, or you may have a more creative idea of your own!

There are 8 organ systems we covered.

2

The length of time that an animal is pregnant is known as the gestation period

Carry out some research to find out the length of the gestation period for the list of animals below. Find photos or drawings of these animals and create a wall chart timeline (put them in order from shortest time to longest time) to show this information.

Is there a relationship between the size of the animal and the length of its gestation period?

 

Hamster, Elephant, Horse, Cow, Human, Dog, Giraffe, Rabbit.

3

Imagine you work for a Doctor’s surgery, design an information sheet for pregnant mothers. The purpose of the sheet will be to explain how the placenta works and it should therefore show the dangers of smoking, drinking and taking drugs when pregnant.

Try to include a simple diagram showing how materials might pass between the foetus and the mother.

Your target audience will have a wide range of ability so your sheet must be easy to read and attractive enough to encourage people to read it. 

4

Using the following website create a timeline of the history of DNA discovery. You should include at least 10 significant dates on your timeline with a brief description of what happened at each date.

https://www.learner.org/interactives/dna/history.html

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Male and female reproductive system, fertilisation, gestation and birth, growing up and puberty, menstrual cycle, DNA, IVF, and Cloning.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 3- How to catch a criminal

Week

Task

1

You are stranded on a desert island with only salt water available. However, you can have any lab equipment you want! Explain how you could separate the dissolved salt from the seawater to get fresh drinking water. Include a diagram of your apparatus in your explanation.

Extension: explain how you could purify your water if the only equipment you had was a piece of clear plastic, a baking tray, something to dig with and some string.

2

 Police have found a letter written in coloured felt-tip pen at the scene of a crime. Five people are suspects because they have the pens of the same colour. Explain using your knowledge of chromatography how the police could find out which pen was used to write the letter.

Make sure you explain:

•       How you will get the ink off the original paper

•      How you will compare the inks from the five pens

•      How you will make your experiment a fair test

3

1)   Make a list of ten everyday acids and ten alkalis you may find in the home and outside world.

2)  Getting stung!!

             Find out what is best to use on bee and wasp stings and explain the reason why.

4

Go to the following website and look at the interactive activity:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/science/chemical_material_behaviour/acids_bases_metals/activity/

Create an A4 poster about how metals and acids react. You should include the following keywords in your leaflet: Base, Salt, Acid, Neutralisation, Water, Corrosive, Diluted, Corrosive

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Dissolving, filtering and evaporation, distillation, chromatography, diffusion, chemical and physical changes, combustion reactions, exothermic and endothermic reactions, oxides, acids and alkalis and neutralisation.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 4- What makes us work?

Week

Task

1

 Create a leaflet about the importance of a healthy diet. Include information on:

·        Food groups and nutrients

·        Balanced diets

·        Effects of an unbalanced diet

2

Write a story describing the journey through the respiratory system for primary school students.

Remember to explain any scientific key words that you use, and try to be as creative as possible using characters that will engage young children.

3

Recently in the media there have been reports about antibiotic resistance. Answer the following questions, this article may help you http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-28134564

1.   What does it mean by antibiotic resistance?

2.   Describe some of the problems with humans becoming resistant to antibiotics.

3.   Explain what are scientists trying to do to solve this problem

4

Create a poster that could be displayed around the school about the dangers of drugs and alcohol. Consider the health and social implications of both.

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Food groups and nutrients, healthy diet, digestive system and function, enzymes, enzyme activity, bacteria, virus and fungi, health and disease, drugs, alcohol and exercise.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 5- Forces

Week

Task

1

Research the bloodhound SSC, a supersonic car designed to travel over 1,000mph.

Draw a diagram of the car, and label it with design features that enable it to travel at such speeds.

Include detail on how it reduces drag and friction.

You will find the following website useful:

http://www.bloodhoundssc.com/project/car

2

Measure the speed of a pet, family member or friend at home.

List your measurements and calculations.

You could include pictures of you doing the measurement.

Things to consider:

•      How many times should you repeat the measurement to ensure its reliable?

•      What units are you using?

3

Create a set of revision cards to help you remember the different types of force. Include:

·        A diagram

·        Whether they are contact or non-contact forces

·        An example of where you would experience the force.

4

 Create a leaflet about altitude sickness. Include:

·        The cause of altitude sickness

·        Who it can effect

·        Symptoms of altitude sickness

·        Treatments for altitude sickness

This website will help you get started http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/altitude-sickness/Pages/Introduction.aspx

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Forces, drag and friction, contact and non-contact forces, balanced and unbalanced forces, speed, motion graphs, pressure in gases and liquids, pressure on solids and turning forces.  

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.

Year 8 Science Homework 2016-2017

Topic 6- A world without bees

Week

Task

1

Create a pop up poster about the structure of a flower. Include:

·        The main organs.

·        The function of the main organs.

2

Looking outside, it could be at a local park or woodland, in your garden or around school, survey the different types of pollination you can find.

You could survey it as a table, as drawings or as a collection of photographs.

Try to find at least 3 for each type, for example dandelions are wind pollinated.

3

Create a poem/ song/ rap to help you remember the photosynthesis equation. You can present it as a poster, recording or video. 

4

Using the knowledge you have gained throughout this topic create a leaflet about the importance of bees, and describe how the world would be different without them. 

5

This week you will have your end of topic assessment and you are expected to revise in preparation for this.

Topics Covered: Plant cells, specialised plant cells, structure of a flower, reproductive organs of a flower, methods of pollination, seeds and fruits, transports in plants, photosynthesis, testing for starch and adaptions of plants.

6

Investigation week

You will be completing an investigation this week and your teacher may ask you to complete parts of this at home.